Karimnagar District * Places of Visit * Vemulawada Rajarajeswara Temple * Laxmi Narasimha swamy Temple Dharmapuri * Kaleswara Mukheswara Temple * Kondagattu Anjaneyaswamy Temple * Elgandhal Fort * Jagityala Fort * Molangoor Fort * Deer Park * Ujjawal park * Lower Manair Dam
KARIMNAGAR DISTRICT
In early records of arts in Karimnagar district, we find prehistoric paintings at Regonda. We come to know that this area was ruled by Nandas (Mouryas) . But we donít have any architectural evidences. Karimnagar District has four phases of Architecture based on dynastic rule. Architecture seems to have four phases of evolution in Karimnagar district. They are Satavahana, Rashtrakuta, Chalukya and Kakatiya. The earliest of them is Satavahana which is represented by the unique Stupa at Dhulikatta which is a structural architecture constructed with bricks and the 6 casing slabs with architectural designs of pilasters, on the hill at Pashigaom1, five hooded Naga Muchulinda, the Buddhapadas, the Pipal tree and Mahabhinishkramana. There are also bas reliefs of Yakshis holding floral objects recalling those at Sanchi.
An interesting aspect of Hindu religious architecture in Karimnagar district is the existence of rockcut cave temples of Adivi Somananapalle in Manthani Mandal belonging to 7th or 8th century A.D. A row of 4 caves is scooped out of the sand stone rock on the right bank of river Maneru. These caves consist of open pillared mantapas with shrine chambers in the interior.
After this, there is a gap in the architectural history of Karimnagar district till the middle of 8th century A.D (Rastrakuta period). The Badami Chalukya architecture is represented by the temple of Bhimeswara at Vemulawada, one of the feudatories of the Rashtrakutas. The Chalukyas of Vemulawada seem to have imbibed some of their architectural traditions as can be seen in the temple of Bhimeswara3.
Kalyani/Vemulawada Chalukyas architecture is represented by the Rekha-Nagara type of temple at Dharmapuri, Valgonda and Raikal etc. On plan the former is a single shrine temple with antarala and mukhamandapa while the latter i.e. Raikal is a Trikuta temple. Kakatiya is the last and final of Hindu architecture in Karimnagar district. During this period the region of Karimnagar formed part of Sabbi 1000 and was under the political control of the Kakatiya. The Kakatiyas, as in other districts were responsible for raising a large number of temples mostly dedicated to Lord Shiva. On plan the Kakatiya temples of Karimnagar district show preference for Trikuta shrines as at Nagunur, Kottapalli, Vilasagar and Manthani. Single shrine temples are less in number which can also be seen at places like Nagunur, Bejjanki etc4.
A Trikutalaya was constructed by Polavasa kings in Chalukyan artistic style at their capital, Polasa. Many temples which are in dilapidated form like Pulasthewaralaya, Venugopalalaya are now found to be safe. The temple constructed by polavasa kings can be found near a tank of Nandi Medaram in Dharmaram Mandal.
Once there was a growing period of flourishing Jain temple Architecture in Karimnagar. With the passage of time the scope of their constructions and sculptures became less. The temples of Jains and their architectural debris can be found in Vemulawada (Shubadhami Jinayam), Nagunur, Kapparaopet, Shinigaram and Kurikyala6.
The architecture of Muslim kings next to them is not seen, but some Hindu temples are replaced by masques, which are mainly found in Dharmapuri. Although many dhargas are found in Karimnagar district, the Darga in Bhijigiri Sharif is an impartant one and Gumbadh in Darga is aesthetic in nature. There are mosques and Idghas in many places that are found to be constructed in the recent past.
Inspite of the impact of Christian religion through so many years, we do not find old churches. Most of them are constructed in recent past. So they would not have architectural importance. The CSI Church is the oldest among the churches.